|Communities of Bulgan aimag and Uvurkhangai aimag, Mongolia
Climatic variability appears to be a major driving factor of livestock dynamics in Mongolia. The rising temperature and uncertainties in rainfall associated with global warming are likely to increase the frequency and magnitude of climate variability and extremes. Changes in climate increase the risk of unexpected changes in nature and environment. The greater the rate and magnitude of change, the greater the risk of negative impacts. In response, the nomadic herders of the Central region of Mongolia have developed their own specific knowledge and practices for adaptation to protect soil and combat pasture degradation and desertification. These include seasonal migration, long distance migration, herding of different kinds of livestock and taboos and rituals that preserve different resources. The research proposed by the International Institute for the Study of Nomadic Civilizations focuses on the Bulgan and Uvurkhangai aimags, areas of open steppe landscape and water source for the longest river in Mongolia. It seeks to understand traditional knowledge and practices in relation to land degradation, desertification and promoting sustainable livelihoods of the rural people of the Central Region of Mongolia.
|Badjo of Indonesia
Badjo are sea nomads who live around the different island nations of Southeast Asia. Their communities have intimate knowledge of the sea and are highly dependent on it. While some Badjo live in their original homes, the canoe, most live in villages built on stilts in the shallow waters along the coast. As a result, they are well placed to anticipate, detect, articulate and interpret changes in the climate. The discussion will revolve around what Badjo believe are ‘signs’ of climate change, how these signs are rooted in their knowledge and values, and what their perspectives and anxieties are in relation to these changes in their world. While these include the location of fleets and villages, fishing and navigation techniques and changes in fish resources, it also includes spiritual beliefs. Francois-Robert Zaçot, a French researcher, will work with Badjo communities in Indonesia to understand key aspects of Badjo life and to investigate whether these are affected by climate changes.
Proponent: Syed Mahmood Nasir